Lasitha Silva’s Web’log

Archive for the ‘Education’ Category

Got to know the results of the examination to save the world. Well… I am through resulting to say “I am in”. Finally got a chance to get the (Hons) after a battle with time and  academia. This was a dream for about a semester where I felt I am falling back. But I should’ve done it earlier.

I see it differently now. Bad relationships returns bad to you. I have won the battle by removing or rather re-thinking of my relationships. I am talking with some encapsulation here. There are somethings which should not be broadcast coz I’ve remined the same way throughout the said semester.

Now its another mission to get others in but only others who are willing. Several seemed to be enthusiastic about this but some still are waiting for a ping. Just dreaming won’t do anything for you ppl. Tomorrow we’ll handover the letter to consider all of us in the L4 (only for the ones who need it) and demand for a face to face meeting with the Dean which we didn’t have after Firdy’s case.

I am in but I am for others in this mission.

Hopes for tomorrow. INTECS, FOSS@FIT, KrishTrees (fitTrees) and FITCOC still remain silent for the time been. It all starts next week with L4. Lets hope for the best and courage for the good work to be done.

University life is perceived as a door step which a student opens his arms to the outer world. As freshers they enter university and leave as graduates with their heads held high with dignity and capability. Throughout their university life they engage in various activities, curriculum and otherwise.

These said activities enhance their interaction and other qualities which a university student should have, and has been successful throughout the past years. In par with those activities, I would like to propose a new programme to the new entrants of FIT.

fitTrees
fitTrees

The programme is under the FITCOC and gives chance for every student entering the faculty to plant a tree on his/her name. Continuing with his/her degree programme for four years, the tree would grow as the student grows in knowledge and technical expertise. Finally as a graduate from the University of Moratuwa, the same student can witness the tree grown as he has for years.

Such moment would be valuable in various aspects for a student and even for a faculty supporting nature and social responsibility. Even after decades lapse, the tree stands still, resembling the strength of a FIT student in the corporate world after graduation.

My proposal is to hold this ceremony with each and every orientation programme to be held in the future beginning from Batch 9. A suitable place for the programme should be reserved and proper steps should be taken to manage the quantity of the trees.

  • One tree per student or
  • One tree per a group of students

I hope the faculty would give the fullest and heartiest support to inaugurate this programme and continue it for the future.

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For all @ FIT in aid of ASE subject tomorrow. Hope this helps..

Christian’s Algorithm

A clock synchronization algorithm used to synchronize the time on a machine with a remote time server. This is a very straightforward algorithm, and is quite easy to understand.

The procedure:

  1. A process p requests the time in a message mr and receives the time value t in a message mt.
  2. t is inserted in mt at the last possible point before transmission from the server S.
  3. Tround = Time(send mr) + Time ( receive mt) = (1-10)*10-3 seconds on a LAN.
  4. min = minimum queueing time for S.

The earliest point at which S could have placed the time mt was min after p dispatched mr. The time by S’s clock when the message is received by P is in the range t + min < p < t + Tround - min. The total width of this range is Tround - 2*min. This gives an accuracy of (Tround / 2 – min). If all of that made absolutely no sense to you, here’s a much simpler (but far less rigorous) explanation. Basically, the client sends a request for the current time to the time server. When it receives the response, it finds the transmission delay (time between the request being sent and the response being received), divides that in half, and adds that to the time received back from the server. The idea is to eliminate the inaccuracy caused by network delays. This assumes that the link is equally fast both ways, which may not always be the case. But as with any algorithm, you have to make tradeoffs.

Berkeley Algorithm

A distributed clock synchronization algorithm, developed by Drs. Gusella and Zatti at the University of California, Berkeley in 1989.

Here’s what you do:
Choose a coordinator computer to act as the master. The master periodically polls the slaves whose clocks are to be synchronized to the master. The slaves send their clock values to the master.

The master observes the transmission delays and estimates their local clock times. Once this is done, it takes a fault-tolerant average of all the times including its own, and ignores those that are far outside of the range of the rest.

The master then sends each slave the amount (positive or negative) that it should adjust its clock. This is very ingenious, because it means that it doesn’t have to send absolute times (which will be messed up by network delays

Source: http://everything2.com/

Start of a new era in the Faculty. We (Me, Laknath, Lakshan) along with three other speakers pushed the wheel to inaugurate the Free n Open Source Software community in the faculty. This was a need which the previous batches tried to establish but were in vein to a reason unknown. But now its all history.

With the latest intake (FIT-B9), and with the new curriculum, we showed them a new pathway to adjust their future. This project unveils our potential in the FOSS movement and support we can give as The Faculty of IT.

To be frank, this post is the first time I am using Firefox on Ubuntu 9.04 (which I just received with another Kubuntu CD). I am not seriously into FOSS stuff yet but with the new project and the new CDs its kind of itching for me. 😛

Well the next steps would be after our examinations, Level 3 Semester 2. We intend to set up a new FOSS resarch lab with the faculty along with other infrastructure changes we need for the students. (Specially the WiFi expansion for laptop users).

Taking in some FOSS projects and encouraging our students to involve with them would be another effort if they have already been grabbed by MS. He he :P.

Well…more projects to come from my head after the FOSS@FIT. Especially the FITCOC which I need to start soon after the ASE paper. But I am in danger of been stolen “my” intellectual property. Lets hope for the best n prepare for the worst.

promotional_items_Whistle-30077_bs

Whistle blowing is that to publicly allege concealed misconduct on the part of an organization or body of people, usually from within that same organization. This misconduct may be classified in many ways; for example, a violation of a law, rule, regulation and/or a direct threat to public interest, such as fraud, health/safety violations, and corruption. Whistle blowers may make their allegations internally (for example, to other people within the accused organization or externally (to law enforcement agencies, to the media or to groups concerned with the issues).

– Wikipedia

Establishing effective reporting mechanisms is one of the key elements of a fraud prevention program.  Many scams are discovered or suspected by people who arent involved in them. The challenge of employees is to encourage witnesses to speak out by showing that it is very much in their own interests.  Organizations that can overcome the culture of silence and encourage openness are likely to benefit in many ways.

In the UK there is no legal requirement for companies to have a policy on whistle blowing. But listed companies are obliged under the Combined Code to have whistle blowing arrangements or explain why they do not, while public bodies are expected to have them. Firms that are subject to the US Sarbanes-Oxley Act 2002, are also required to have whistle blowing arrangements.

According to Public Concern at Work’s best-practice guidance, a whistle blowing policy should make the following points;

  • The organizations take malpractices seriously. Here it should give examples of the type of concerns to be raised, thereby distinguishing a whislte blowing issue from a grievance.
  • Employees have the option to raise their concerns outside their reporting line. Here the policy should give guidance on when and how concerns may properly be raised outside the organization.
  • Employees may access confidential guidance from an independent body.
  • The organization will, when requested, respect the confidentiality of anyone raising a concern.
  • The victimization of a whistle blower will be treated as a disciplinary matter- as will any malicious false allegation.

– CIMA, UK

I got selected to the World University Games 2009, the Universiade 2009. This time its Belgrade, Serbia. Apart from the workload I had during the past months, I managed to do some training for the trials. Lucky me!. I’m in the team.

How ever there are several concerns in my mind. The ticket isn’t affordable for all, so that the selectors have reduced the number of participation. My university provides with the registration fee and the tickets. But not all universities here in Sri Lanka got such policy.

There were 6 participants in two disciplines for the Bangkok Universiade including myself from the University of Moratuwa, my university. But this time only two to my knowledge, myself and my batch mate swimmer.

But unfortunate me! My GF didn’t get her place in the team as expected. She’d recovered now.

Well, hope for a better Universiade this time. I dont need less GPA this time. Hard work to be done, preparation needed. This is a milestone semester of my Uni life and I need courage and commitment from within.

Seems tired to even think about it. Only 1+ month for my CIMA exams. Need a sigh of relief soon after the huge bulk.

Currently I’m working on the training report. Its a cracking mess now with only 10 pages out of the 40+ required. Yes I’m doing the BSc. in IT, I’ve got to commit.!!!

Until then, await me Belgrade!!!

For the goals for future, the world athletics governing body IAAF has introduced a scholarship in three categories.  This article is on the B-Project which is an idea of the IAAF president Lamine Diack.

IAAF ‘B’ Standard Project

President Lamine Diack has set the goal for the IAAF that at least one athlete of each Member Federation be capable of achieving the ‘B’ Qualification Standard for the World Championships in Athletics or the Olympic Games.

This is an ambitious objective considering the level of the performances to be achieved and the fact that nearly half of the IAAF Member Federations have not yet achieved this level.

Athletes deemed to have a chance to achieve the ‘B’ Standard in an event will be offered one of 3 programmes:

· Short Term programme – Those who are close to the set ‘B’ Standard objective could participate in short term preparation, usually accompanied by their personal coach (3 months duration).

· Medium Term programme – Designed for athletes who have the potential to achieve the ‘B’ Standard with one year of specific preparation (one year duration).

· Long Term programme – Athletes currently under the age of 23 who obviously need longer time to achieve the ‘B’ Standard will be offered this programme (two, or more, years duration).

In all three programmes, the IAAF will ensure access to adequate facilities, coaching and competition.

You will find in the right hand side column a

Please Note: Individual athletes, coaches or other interested parties should contact their National Federation for further information. Only IAAF Member Federations may make application for an athlete and National Federations will submit an application for those athletes who are deemed eligible.

Should you need any further information related to this project please contact, in the first instance, your National Federation. Then, if needed:

IAAF Member Services Department

17 rue Princesse Florestine

BP 359

MC98007

Monaco Cedex

For a more detailed description of the ‘B’ Standard Project, including Entry Standards and Application Form please click
PDF

Source : iaaf.org

team

Working in a team environment provides an excellent opportunity to develop invaluable skills, positive energy and innovative approaches to problem-solving. The best of these activities uses the dynamics of play and the right amount of humor to encourage brainstorming abilities. In short, an atmosphere of playfulness and a team building exercise with a built-in ‘fun factor’ helps relieve individual and group stress. Without stress, team skills can flourish.

The oft-used term ‘out-of-the-box thinking’ refers to the ability to generate new ideas, as opposed to derivative ones. To think that creatively, individuals and teams must have their intellectual boundaries removed. They must have the freedom to scatter their toys on the floor and make a mess. As a game designer, I find that ‘making a mess’ is often the only way to discover new approaches to solving a problem.

In a team building game, an amount of structure is obviously needed to achieve desired results. However, as with any game design, team activities can be cleverly created with enough ‘play room’ that a real fun factor exists. If the teams feel free enough, perhaps to the point where they don’t notice the structure of the exercise, they will have the play experience we are seeking. This is why very cleverly designed games have what I call ‘Invisible Rules’, a set of rules that are so seamlessly integrated that they never hamper the experience. If team members feel too restricted by rules, they may resist contributing fully and this undermines the activity’s purpose.

The freedom to play is often accompanied by, and supported by, a healthy sense of humor. This combination of play and lightheartedness is difficult to beat.

As Psychologist Rollo May puts it, “Humor is a healthy way of feeling a ‘distance’ between one’s self and the problem.” Finding ways to laugh as we confront challenges gives us perspective-often allowing us to find solutions more quickly”.

When the challenge is difficult, stress will only makes the climb to the top of the mountain much harder. Determination without humor is a recipe for disaster. Humor keeps the mind and spirit flexible enough to cope with sudden changes and longer-term issues. In a team setting, a group that is laughing together is already getting a head-start on the team building process. They trust each other. They have relaxed their individual egos. Laughing together is an immediate way to begin bonding. Play becomes more productive with humor as an undercurrent.

Anyone that a plays a game seriously may concentrate and win that game, but in a team environment, individual victory is not the focus. It is more important to learn to work together, grow together, and explore new options for problem-solving. It is less about winning than it is about trying new approaches. This requires freedom to play. This requires laughter along the way!

Source:www.phillyhops.com/articles

It’s a common misconception that people with ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)are unable to focus. ADDers are able to focus. It’s just that we have a hard time staying focused.That’s especially true when the activity calling for our attention isn’t one that we find especially engaging. Ever struggled to pay attention to a boring lecture? Or stay involved in a business meeting that drags on? Here are six strategies to boost the ability to focus:

1 Get it in writing.

If you’re preparing to attend a meeting, lecture, workshop, or another gathering that requires close attention, ask for an advance copy of the relevant materials (meeting agenda, lecture outline, and so on).Take the materials with you to the gathering. Use them to guide your active listening and—just as important— your note-taking. Writing as you listen will help you stay focused on what the speaker is saying.

2 Get a good seat.

Where you sit is critical. You may find it easier to be attentive if you sit up front, facing the speaker. Arriving early will increase your chances of getting a seat far away from distractions, such as a noisy fan or a doorway that opens onto a busy hallway. If the event is scheduled to run for several hours, change your seat after each break. That will give you a new perspective and allow you to refocus your attention. If you will need to work independently for some time, such as in a science lab or during a lengthy exam, ask ahead of time for permission to take occasional breaks and, possibly, to change your seat. Standing up and walking around will help you stay fresh and focused.

3 Ask for a review.

As soon as possible after the class or meeting, ask your teacher or co-worker for a brief review of the main points. Explain what you think the points were, and see if he or she concurs. This is a good time to fill in any details you might have missed when your focus flagged. It’s also a good time to find out exactly what is expected of you next—assignments to turn in, succeeding steps on a project, and so on. Don’t forget to confirm deadlines.

4 Avoid fatigue.

It’s hard to pay close attention when you’re tired. Whenever possible, sign up for classes that meet early in the day (or whenever your focus is greatest). At work, you may not be able to control meeting times, but, whenever possible, pick a time that works well for you.

5 Move!

Feel the urge to fidget? Go right ahead. As long as you don’t disturb others, clicking a pen, playing with your hair, knitting, and so on can help you pay attention. If discretion is an issue, chewing gum, sucking on hard candy, or even sipping from a glass of water might do the trick. If there is any doubt as to what’s permissible, ask the speaker—before the lecture or meeting begins. For more ideas, see the book Fidget to Focus, by Roland Rotz, Ph.D., and Sarah Wright (iUniverse).

6 Choose your leader carefully.

Picking classes? Look for an instructor who is well-organized, flexible, and dynamic enough to hold your interest. You also want someone who announces deadlines well in advance and provides students with lots of feedback. You may not be able to choose your supervisor at work. However, you can ask for accommodations that allow you to function at your best and get the job done. Getting deadlines in writing,working in a quiet spot, and scheduling frequent short meetings to confirm that you are on track will help enormously.

Over the last thirty years or so, group think has become a term against which all employers rebel because it signifies the end of creative and independent thought. When you have a tightly-knit group of people who work together, they are likely to conform to one another’s thought processes, making it almost impossible to foster independent thought. This is something that should be avoided at all costs, so here are a few tips for avoiding group think during a business meeting.

Avoid Groupthink During a Business Meeting: Don’t Get Mad

One of the ways that you can promote groupthink is by getting angry every time an employee opposes your viewpoint. If you send the message that contradicting the boss is “bad”, the group as a whole will avoid inciting conflict. Instead, make new ideas and arguments a pleasant experience, and take every idea into consideration. Further, if one or two members of the group consistently berate another member for their ideas, take them aside and advise them that all ideas are welcome. Make the business meeting a positive atmosphere.

Avoid Groupthink During a Business Meeting: Appoint a Co-Leader

Often, one leader of a business meeting can seem overwhelming to the rest of the group. Since you have your own opinions, they may assume that there’s aren’t welcome, which promotes groupthink. To battle this problem, appoint a co-leader for your business meetings — preferably someone who is likely to disagree with you. Show your staff that new and previously unmentioned ideas are not only acceptable, but welcome.

Avoid Groupthink During a Business Meeting: Assign Discussion Leaders

You might take a page out of the educational rule book and assign discussion leaders for each meeting. For example, let’s say that there are four topics on the agenda, and there will be twelve members of the meeting. A week before the meeting takes place, assign those four topics to groups of three. This gives each group a chance to brainstorm ideas and to come up with possible solutions for the meeting. This will help battle groupthink because they won’t be asked to come up with ideas on the spot in front of all their colleagues.

Avoid Groupthink During a Business Meeting: Give Breaks

A business meeting doesn’t have to be a three-hour-long marathon; it can be broken up. You might want to schedule two meetings for the day — one before lunch and one right after. This will allow your staff to come up with new ideas, to argue those ideas, and then to take a mental and emotional breather. When you reconvene, they’ll feel fresh and ready to start anew.

Avoid Groupthink During a Business Meeting: Provide a Venue for Anonymous Feedback

One of the reasons why groupthink is so prevalent is because people are reluctant to voice a controversial idea in front of their colleagues. In order to allow everyone a voice, come up with a venue for anonymous feedback. For example, after every meeting, you can leave a closed box in a room with small slips of paper. Allow your staff to write down their reactions to the meeting as well as new ideas they weren’t comfortable with bringing up. Make sure the box cannot be opened and that there is a slit in the top for the pieces of paper.

Source: http://www.associatedcontent.com


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